Basic Russian words & expressions

Introduction / Greetings / Parting
| Note - Pronunciation
Transliteration & pronunciation
Please note!

The following transliteration and pronunciation is given for the classical Latin alphabet and does not match with the rules of orthography and pronunciation of English.

Therefore do not pronounce Russian words how to you like represent sounds in English.

For example:
The Latin letter U should not be pronounced as the English word you.
U = YOU = OO

If you doubt the correct pronunciation, click on the live audio link in Russian
(Link to sound )
Hello !
[ ZDRASTVUITE ! ]

Здравствуйте!

Link to sound
Goog morning / good afternoon / good evening!
[ DOBRAYE UTRA / DOBRYI DEN / DOBRYI VECHER ! ]

Доброе утро / добрый день / добрый вечер!

Link to sound
Hi / Hello!
[ PRIVET ! ]

Привет!

Link to sound
Welcome!
[ DABRO PAZHALAVAT` ! ]

Добро пожаловать!

Link to sound
What is your name ? (formal / informal)
[ KAK VAS ZAVUT ? ] (formal)

[ KAK TEBYA ZAVUT ? ] (informal)


Как Вас зовут? / Как тебя зовут?

Link to sound
My name is... (informal)
[ MENYA ZAVUT... (Name) ]

Меня зовут...(Name)

Link to sound
My name is... (formal)
[ MENYA ZAVUT... (Mr/Mrs - gaspadin / gaspazha) Name+Surname ]

Меня зовут...(господин / госпожа) Name + Surname

Link to sound
How do you do / How are you ? (informal / formal)
[ KAK DELA ? ] (informal)

[ KAK PAZHIVAYETE ? ] (formal)


Как дела? (informal) / Как поживаете? (formal)

Link to sound
Not bad ! (+thanks)
(spasiba) + [ NEPLOKHA ! ] - (спасибо) + Неплохо!

Link to sound
Thanks, fine! + (And you?)
[ SPASIBA, HARASHO ! ] +

[ A U TEBYA ? ] (informal) / [ A U VAS ? ] (formal)

Спасибо, хорошо! А у тебя / А у Вас? (informal/formal)

Link to sound
How old are you ? (formal / informal)
[ SKOLKA VAM LET ? ] (formal)

[ SKOLKA TEBE LET ? ] (informal)

Сколько Вам лет? (formal) / ? Сколько тебе лет? (informal)

Link to sound
I / You
[ YA ] /

[ TY ] - you (singular - informal)
[ VY ] - you (singular formal or any plural)

Я /
Ты (singular informal)
Вы (singular formal or any plural)

Link to sound
I'm ...(20) years old
[ MNE ...(dvatsat`) LET ]

Link to digits in Russian

Мне ...(двадцать) лет

Link to sound
Where are you from?
[ ATKUDA VY ? ] (singular formal or any plural)

[ ATKUDA TY ? ] (singular informal)


Откуда Вы? (singular formal or any plural)
Откуда ты? (singular informal)

Link to sound
I am from ...(England)
[ YA IZ ...(ANGLII) ]

Я из... (Англии)

Link to sound
Very nice to meet you !
[ OCHEN` PRIYATNA ! ] / [ PRIYATNA PAZNAKOMITSA ! ]

Очень приятно! / Приятно познакомиться

Link to sound
I must be going / We must be going
[ MNE PARA ] / [ NAM PARA ]

Мне пора / Нам пора

Link to sound
See you !
[ UVIDIMSYA ! ] / [ DA VSTRECHI ! ]

Увидимся! / До встречи!

Link to sound
Good luck!
[ UDACHI ! ]

Удачи!

Link to sound
Have a nice day!
[ KHAROSHEVA DNYA ! ]

Хорошего дня!

Link to sound
Till tomorrow!
[ DA ZAVTRA ! ]

До завтра!

Link to sound
Good night!
[ SPAKOINAY NOCHI ! ]

Спокойной ночи!

Link to sound
Bye (bye-bye) / So long !
[ PAKA (paka-paka) ! ]

Пока (пока-пока)!

Link to sound
Goodbye!
[ DASVIDANIYA ! ]

До свидания!

Link to sound
How correctly to address to...
| Note - Pronunciation
...to the unfamiliar man (any age) / woman (any age)
[ SUDAR` ! ] - to man

[ SUDARYNYA ! ] - to woman

Сударь! / Сударыня!

Link to sound
...to the unfamiliar guy / girl
[ MALADOY CHELAVEK ! ] - to guy

[ DEVUSHKA ! ] - to girl

Молодой человек! / Девушка!

Link to sound
...to the gentleman / lady (formal)
[ GASPADIN + Second Name ! ] - to gentleman

[ GASPAZHA + Second Name ! ] - to lady

Господин ..! / Госпожа ..!

Link to sound
Let me introduce myself to you
[ RAZRESHITE PREDSTAVITSA ]

Разрешите представиться

Link to sound
Let's get acquainted!
[ BUDEM ZNAKOMY ! ]

Будем знакомы!

Link to sound
Ladies and Gentlemen!
[ DAMY I GASPADA ! ]

Дамы и Господа!

Link to sound
Dear friend! / Dear friends!
[ DARAGOY DRUG ! ] - (singular)

[ DARAGIYE DRUZ`YA ! ] - (plural)

Дорогой друг! / Дорогие друзья!

Link to sound
General vocabulary
| Note - Pronunciation
I / You (addressing one person)
[ YA ] /

[ TY ] - you (informal)
[ VY ] - you (formal)

Я /
Ты (informal)
Вы (formal)

Link to sound
He / She
[ ON ] / [ ANA ]

Он / Она

Link to sound
Man / Woman
[ MUSH-CHINA ] - man

[ ZHENSH-CHINA ] - woman

Мужчина / Женщина

Link to sound
Guy / Girl
[ PAREN` ] - guy

[ DEVUSHKA ] - girl

Парень / Девушка

Link to sound
We / They / You (addressing several persons)
[ MY ] / [ ANI ] / [ VY ]

Мы / Они / Вы

Link to sound
Do you speak English?
[ VY GAVARITE PA ANGLIYSKI ? ]

Вы говорите по английски?

Link to sound
I don't speak Russian
[ YA NE GAVARYU PA RUSSKI ]

Я не говорю по русски

Link to sound
Yes / No
[ DA / NET ] - Да / нет

Note! Russians often use the phrase "da net, navernaye / да нет, наверное" (yes no, probably).
In Russian it means - "most likely not".

Link to sound
Maybe / Probably
[ MOZHET BYT` ] - maybe

[ NAVERNAYE ] - probably

Может быть / Наверное

Note! Russians often use the phrase "da net, navernaye / да нет, наверное" (yes no, probably).
In Russian it means - "most likely not".

Link to sound
Of course! / Sure!
[ KANESHNA ! ]

Конечно!

Link to sound
I'm sorry / Excuse me
[ IZVINITE ]

Извините

Link to sound
Help me (please)
[ PAMAGITE MNE (pazhalusta) ]

Помогите мне (пожалуйста)

Link to sound
I'm looking for.. (a toilet)
[ YA ISH-CHU .. (tualet) ] - Я ищу.. (туалет)

Link to sound
Where is ..?
[ GDE NAKHODITSA ..? ] /
[ KAK PROYTI ..? ]

Где находится..? / Как пройти..?
Link to chapter "In the city / Where is..?"

Link to sound
I don't understand
[ YA NE PANIMAYU ]

Я не понимаю

Link to sound
Repeat, please
[ PAVTARITE PAZHALUSTA ]

Повторите, пожалуйста

Link to sound
Slowly
[ MEDLENNA ]

Медленно

Link to sound
Please
[ PAZHALUSTA ] / [ BUDTE DOBRY ]

Пожалуйста / Будьте добры

Link to sound
Thank you (very much) !
[ (Balshoye) SPASIBA ! ]

(Большое) спасибо!

Link to sound
You are welcome
[ PAZHALUSTA ]

Пожалуйста

Link to sound
Ok! / Good!
[ KHARASHO ]

Хорошо

Link to sound
That's bad
[ PLOKHA ]

Плохо

Link to sound
What's this?
[ SHTO ETA TAKOYE ? ]
Что это такое..?

Links to chapters:
Shop / Market and Cafe / Restaurant

Link to sound
It is my (mine)
[ ETA MAYO ]

Это моё

Link to sound
I know / I don't know
[ YA ZNAYU ] / [ YA NE ZNAYU ]

Я знаю / Я не знаю

Link to sound
How do you say it in.. (Russian)?
[ KAK ETA BUDET PA... RUSSKI ? ]

Как это будет по..(русски)?

Link to sound
Wait (please) / Hold on (please)
[ PADAZHDITE (pazhalusta) ] - wait / hold on (please)

[ ADNU MINUTU (pazhalusta) ] - one moment (please)

Подождите (пожалуйста) / Одну минуту (пожалуйста)

Link to sound
Earlier / Later / Now
[ RAN`SHE ] - earlier

[ POZ-ZHE ] - later

[ SEYCHAS ] - now

Раньше / Позже / Сейчас

Link to sound
Today / Now
[ SEVODNYA ] - Today

[ SEYCHAS ] - Now

Сегодня / Сейчас

Link to sound
Yesterday / Tomorrow
[ FCHERA ] - Yesterday

[ ZAVTRA ] - Tomorrow

Вчера / Завтра

Link to sound
Big / Small
[ BAL`SHOY ] - big

[ MALYENKIY ] - small

Большой / Маленький

Link to sound
How much it this?
[ SKOLKA ETA STOIT ? ] - Сколько это стоит?

Figures are here, and the currency converter is here

Links to chapters:
Shop / Market and Cafe / Restaurant

Link to sound
I want... / I need...
[ YA KHACHU .. ] - I want ..

[ MNE NUZHNA .. ] - I need ..

Я хочу / Мне нужно

Link to sound
Interrogative words and expressions
| Note - Pronunciation
Where?
[ GDE ? ] - Где?

Link to sound
Where is ..?
[ GDE NAKHODITSA ..? ] /
[ KAK PROYTI ..? ]

Где находится..? / Как пройти..?
Link to chapter "In the city / Where is..?"

Link to sound
Where from?
[ ATKUDA ? ] - Откуда?

Link to sound
Where are we now?
[ GDE MY SEYCHAS ? ]

Где мы сейчас?
Link to chapter "In the city / Where is..?"

Link to sound
When?
[ KAGDA ? ]

Когда?

Link to chapter Time units / Days & Months

Link to sound
When does it start ..?
[ KAGDA NACHNYOTSA ..? ]

Когда начнётся ..?

Link to chapter Time units / Days & Months

Link to sound
When is your birthday?
[ KAGDA TVOY DEN` RAZHDENIYA ? ]

Когда твой день рождения?

Link to chapter Time units / Days & Months

Link to sound
How?
[ KAK ? ] - Как?

Link to sound
How old are you ? (formal / informal)
[ SKOLKA VAM LET ? ] (formal)

[ SKOLKA TEBE LET ? ] (informal)


Сколько Вам лет? (formal) / ? Сколько тебе лет? (informal)

Link to sound
How much? / How many?
[ SKOLKA ? ]

Сколько?

Link to sound
How much time do we have?
[ SKOLKA VREMENI U NAS YEST` ? ]

Сколько времени у нас есть?

Link to chapter Time units / Days & Months

Link to sound
How long?
[ KAK DOLGA ? ]

Как долго?

Link to chapter Time units / Days & Months

Link to sound
How much it this?
[ SKOLKA ETA STOIT ? ] - Сколько это стоит?

Figures are here, and the currency converter is here

Links to chapters:
Shop / Market and Cafe / Restaurant

Link to sound
How do you say it in.. (Russian)?
[ KAK ETA BUDET PA... RUSSKI ? ]

Как это будет по..(русски)?

Link to sound
Who? / Who is this? / Who is there?
[ KTO ? ] - Who?

[ KTO ETA ? ] - Who is this?

[ KTO TAM ? ] - Who is there?

Кто? / Кто это? / Кто там?

Link to sound
What? / What is this?
[ SHTO ? ] - What?

[ SHO ETA ? ] - What is this?

Что? / Что это?

Link to sound
What happened?
[ SHTO SLUCHILAS` ? ] - Что случилось?

Link to sound
What do you need? / What do you want?
[ SHTO VAM NUZHNA ? ]

Что вам нужно?

Link to sound
What are you doing?
[ SHTO VY DELAYETE ? ]

Что вы делаете?

Link to sound
What time is it now?
[ SKOLKA SEYCHAS VREMENI ? ]

Сколько сейчас времени?

Link to chapter Time units / Days & Months

Link to sound
Which? / Which of them?
[ KAKOY ? ] - Which?

[ KAKOY IZ NIKH ? ] - Which of them?

Какой? / Какой из них?

Link to sound
Why?
[ PACHEMU ? ] - Почему?

Link to sound
Early / Late / On time
(slishkam) + [ RANA ] - (too) early

(slishkam) + [ POZDNA ] - (too) late

[ VOVREMYA ] - on time

(слишком) Рано / Поздно / Вовремя

Link to sound
Earlier / Later / Now
[ RAN`SHE ] - earlier

[ POZ-ZHE ] - later

[ SEYCHAS ] - now

Раньше / Позже / Сейчас

Link to sound
Second / 5 seconds (plural)
[ SEKUNDA ]

[ PYAT`SEKUND ] - 5 seconds (plural)

Link to digits in Russian

Секунда / Пять секунд

Good to know! Russians often use the phrase "pyat` sekund! / пять секунд" (5 seconds!).
In Russian it means - "One moment, please".

Link to sound
Minute / 5 minutes (plural)
[ MINUTA ]

[ PYAT`MINUT ] - 5 minutes (plural)

Link to digits in Russian

Минута / Пять минут

Good to know! Russians often use the phrase "(adnu) minutu! / (одну) минуту!" (/one/ minute!).
In Russian it means - "One moment, please".

Link to sound
Hour / 2 hours (plural)
[ CHAS ]

[ DVA CHASA ] - 2 hours (plural)

Link to digits in Russian

Час / Два часа

Link to sound
Five o'clock / 05:30
[ PYAT` CHASOV ] - five o'clock

[ PYAT`-TRITSAT` ] - 05:30 (five - thirty)

Link to digits in Russian

Пять часов / Пять - Тридцать

Link to sound
Half an hour + (ago / after)
[ POLCHESA ] - half an hour

[ POLCHESA NAZAD ] - half an hour ago

[ CHERES POLCHESA ] - after half an hour

Полчаса / Полчаса назад / Через полчаса

Link to sound
Day (24 hrs) / 7 days (plural)
[ DEN` ] / [ SUTKI ]

[ SEM` DNEY ] / [ SEM` SUTAK ] - 7 days (plural)

Link to digits in Russian

День / Сутки
Семь дней / Семь суток

Link to sound
Round-the-clock / Day-and-night
[ KRUGLA-SUTACHNA ]

Круглосуточно

Link to sound
Morning / Day (daytime)
[ UTRA ] - morning

[ DEN` ] - daytime

Утро / День

Link to sound
Evening / Night
[ VECHER ] - evening

[ NOCH` ] - night

Вечер / Ночь

Link to sound
Noon / Midnight
[ POLDEN` ] - Noon

[ POLNACH` ] - Midnight

Полдень / Полночь

Link to sound
What time is it now?
[ SKOLKA SEYCHAS VREMENI ? ]

Сколько сейчас времени?

Link to chapter Time units / Days & Months

Link to sound
A week / Days of the week
[ NEDELYA ] - a week

[ DNI NEDELI ] - days of the week

Неделя / Дни недели

Link to sound
Sunday
[ VASKRESEN`YE ]

Воскресенье

Link to sound
Monday / Tuesday
[ PANEDELNIK ] - monday

[ VTORNIK ] - tuesday

Понедельник / Вторник

Link to sound
Wednesday / Thursday
[ SREDA ] - wednesday

[ CHETVERG ] - thursday

Среда / Четверг

Link to sound
Friday / Saturday
[ PYATNITSA ] - friday

[ SUBOTA ] - saturday

Пятница / Суббота

Link to sound
Yesterday / Tomorrow
[ FCHERA ] - Yesterday

[ ZAVTRA ] - Tomorrow

Вчера / Завтра

Link to sound
Today / Now
[ SEVODNYA ] - Today

[ SEYCHAS ] - Now

Сегодня / Сейчас

Link to sound
Month / 12 months (plural)
[ MESYATS ] - month

[ dvenatsat` MESYATSEV ] - 12 months (plural)

Link to digits in Russian

Месяц / Двенадцать месяцев

Link to sound
December / January / February
[ DEKABR` ] - December

[ YANVAR` ] - January

[ FEVRAL` ] - February

Декабрь / Январь / Февраль

Link to sound
March / April / May
[ MART ] - March

[ APREL` ] - April

[ MAY ] - May

Март / Апрель / Май

Link to sound
June / July / August
[ IYUN` ] - June

[ IYUL` ] - July

[ AVGUST ] - August

Июнь / Июль / Август

Link to sound
September / October / November
[ SENTYABR` ] - September

[ AKTYABR` ] - October

[ NAYABR` ] - November

Сентябрь / Октябрь / Ноябрь

Link to sound
Springtime / Summer
[ VESNA ] - Springtime

[ LETA ] - Summer

Весна / Лето

Link to sound
Autumn / Winter
[ OSEN` ] - Autumn

[ ZIMA ] - Winter

Осень / Зима

Link to sound
Year / 30 years (plural)
( adin ) [ GOD ] - (one) year

( tritsat`) [ LET ] - (30) years (plural)

Link to digits in Russian

(один) год / (тридцать) лет

Link to sound
Merry Christmas! / Happy New Year!
[ S RAZHDESTVOM ! ] - Merry Christmas!

[ S NOVYM GODAM ! ] - Happy New Year!

С Рождеством! / С Новым Годом!

Link to sound
Private talking
| Note - Pronunciation
Hi / Hello! (+Introduction / Greetings)
What`s new? / Nothing much
[ SHTO NOVAVA ? ] - What`s new?

[ VSYO PA STAROMU ] - Nothing much

Что нового? / Всё по старому

Link to sound
Thank you (very much) !
[ (Balshoye) SPASIBA ! ]

(Большое) спасибо!

Link to sound
Yes / No
[ DA / NET ]

Да / нет

Note! Russians often use the phrase "da net, navernaye / да нет, наверное" (yes no, probably).
In Russian it means - "most likely not".

Link to sound
I think so / I think no
[ DUMAYU DA ] - I think so

[ DUMAYU NET ] - I think no

Link to sound
Dear friend! / Dear friends!
[ DARAGOY DRUG ! ] - (singular)

[ DARAGIYE DRUZ`YA ! ] - (plural)

Дорогой друг! / Дорогие друзья!

Link to sound
Let`s have a drink
[ DAVAY VYP`YEM ! ]

[ VYP`YEM ? ] - (interrogative form)

Link to names of drinks in Russian
Давай выпьем! / Выпьем?

Link to sound
What would you like to drink?
[ SHTO BUDESH PIT` ? ]

Link to names of drinks in Russian
Что будешь пить?

Link to sound
I would like to drink (+name of drink)
[ YA KHATEL BY VYPIT` ] (+name of drink)

Link to names of drinks in Russian
Я хотел бы выпить (+название напитка)

Link to sound
If it is possible
[ YESLI ETA VAZMOZHNA ]

Если это возможно

Link to sound
Of course! / Sure!
[ KANESHNA ! ]

Конечно!

Link to sound
Ok! / Good!
[ KHARASHO ]

Хорошо

Link to sound
Drinking Toasts in Russia
To your health!* - [ ZA TVAYO ZDAROV`YE ! ] — (addressing one person)
[ BUDEM ZDAROVY ! ] — (addressing several person)
За твоё здоровье! / Будем здоровы!

*Note! This is analogue of english "cheers!"
Link to sound

To our meeting! - [ ZA FSTRECHU ! ]

За встречу!
Link to sound

To you! - [ ZA TEBYA ! ] — (addressing one person)
[ ZA VAS ! ] — (addressing several person)
За тебя! / За вас!
Link to sound

To our friendship! - [ ZA DRUZHBU ! ]
За дружбу!
Link to sound

To women! - [ ZA ZHENSH-CHIN ! ]
За женщин!
Link to sound

To love! - [ ZA LYUBOF` ! ] — (party with girls/women)
За любовь!
Link to sound

Let's get started! - [ BUDEM ! ]
Будем!
Link to sound

Let's get started! (Slang) - [ VZDROGNULI ! ]
(for strong drinks - vodka, whiskey, etc)
Вздрогнули!
Link to sound
Bon appetit! / Have a nice meal!
[ PRIYATNAVA APPETITA ! ]

Приятного аппетита!

Link to sound
(very) delicious!
[ ( ochen` ) FKUSNA ! ]

(очень) вкусно!

Link to sound
How do you say it in.. (Russian)?
[ KAK ETA BUDET PA... RUSSKI ? ]

Как это будет по..(русски)?

Link to sound
I don't understand
[ YA NE PANIMAYU ]

Я не понимаю

Link to sound
I know / I don't know
[ YA ZNAYU ] / [ YA NE ZNAYU ]

Я знаю / Я не знаю

Link to sound
I like this place!
[ MNE ZDES` NRAVITSA ! ]

Мне здесь нравится!

Link to sound
Wonderful!
[ PREKRASNA ! ]

Прекрасно!

Link to sound
I'm sorry / Excuse me
[ IZVINITE ]

Извините

Link to sound
No problem!
[ NET PRABLEM ! ]

Нет проблем!

Link to sound
I'm fond of ...+ ( parties / music / dancing /...)
[ MNE NRAVITSA ] - I'm fond of + ...
Мне нравится + ...

[ TUSOFKI ] - parties - тусовки

[ MUZYKA ] - music - музыка

[ TANTSEVAT` ] - dancing - танцевать

Link to sound
Let's Dance!
[ DAVAY PATANTSUYEM ! ]

Давай потанцуем!

Link to sound
(Excuse me) I don't dance
( izvinite ) [ YA NE TANTSUYU ]

(Извините) Я не танцую

Link to sound
With pleasure!
[ S UDAVOL`STVIYEM ! ]

С удовольствием!

Link to sound
Come with me!
[ PAYDYOM SA MNOY ! ]

Пойдём со мной!

Link to sound
You look wonderful!
[ TY KLASNA VYGLYADISH ! ]

Ты классно выглядишь!

Link to sound
You are charming!
[ TY ACHARAVATELNA ! ] - for women

[ TY ACHARAVATELEN ! ] - for men

Ты очаровательна! / Ты очарователен!

Link to sound
Have you got any plans for tomorrow?
[ SHTO DELAYESH ZAFTRA ? ]

Что делаешь завтра?

Link to sound
Have you got any plans for tonight?
[ SHTO DELAYESH VECHERAM ? ]

Что делаешь вечером?

Link to sound
May I invite you to ...?
[ MOZHNA PRIGLASIT TEBYA ..? ] +
Можно пригласить тебя..? +

... to the restaurant - [ ... F RESTARAN ? ]
..в ресторан?

... to the club - [ ... F KLUB ? ]
..в клуб?

... to me - [ ... KA MNE ? ]
..ко мне?

Link to sound
Thanks for the invitation!
[ SPASIBA ZA PRIGLASHENIYE ]

Спасибо за приглашение!

Link to sound
Unfortunately, ...
[ K SAZHALENIYU ] / [ ZHAL` NO ] + ...
К сожалению,.. / Жаль, но .. +

~.. it's time - [ UZHE PARA ]

Link to sound
It's for а keepsake!
[ ETA NA PAMYAT`! ]

Это на память!

Link to sound
Here's my address and phone number
[ VOT MOY ADRES I TELEFON ]

Вот мой адрес и телефон

Link to sound
I'll call you
[ YA PAZVANYU ]

Я позвоню!

Link to sound
See you! (+ Parting)
[ UVIDIMSYA ! ] / [ DA VSTRECHI ! ]

Увидимся! / До встречи!

Link to sound

Expressions of parting here
I love you!
[ YA TEBYA LYUBLYU ! ]

Я тебя люблю!

Link to sound
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